Messier 81. NGC 3031

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Messier 81 (M81), together with M 82, were discovered by Johann Bode in 1774. They were rediscovered by Mechain in 1779 and included by Messier in his catalog in 1781. This is the largest (and therefore, the dominant) galaxy of the M81 Group, which includes some 34 galaxies. Bright enough to be seen with binoculars, M 81 shows nearly “perfect” spiral arms and it is a good example of what a “standard” spiral galaxy may look like. Its 12 million light years distance was calculated with the HST’s measurements of cepheid stars in it.The faint satellite galaxy Holmberg IX is visible at its left.


Additional Information


Name(s): Messier 81. M81. NGC 3031

Type: Spiral Galaxy

RA:  09h 55m 31s

Dec: +69º 04’ 04”

Constellation: Ursa Major

Size (arcmin): 25×12 arcmin

Magnitude: +6.9

Distance: 12 Mly


Date: 2020-01-18 to 2020-01-27

Location: Curiosity 2 Observatory, NMS, Mayhill, NM, USA

Size (arcmin): 31×31 arcmin

Telescope: 24” f/6.5 Reflector

Camera: FLI PL16803 (4096x4096pix)

Guiding: Astrodon MonsterMOAG off-axis guider

Total exposure: 30h 50m (L: 11h; Ha: 7h 30m; RGB: 12h 20m)

Processing: CCDStack, Photoshop CC 2020

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